Sphagnum moss exports from Australia are subject to the Wildlife Protection (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1982 and require a licence from Environment Australia. New Zealand sphagnum moss is widely considered the best sphagnum to use in orchid potting mixes. In Victoria, the growth rate at the high altitude (1380 m) site at Baw Baw was 1.9 cm/year and 5.2 cm/year at the sheltered site at 900 m in the Central Highlands. Mosswool® slabs are made of sphagnum moss, which is harvested with a patented ecological method. It is the basis of swamp land, forming over thousands of years. Moss - Decorative. It is often referred to as the universal soil conditioner for its benefits to the soil. Sphagnum moss grows quickly with a collecting cycle of less than 30 years. For this purpose the Sphagnum is cultivated in order to gain renewable raw material for the production of horticultural growing media. Coconut groves are grown where they cut down old growth forest and rain forest using slash … Questions concerning its content can be sent using the Sphagnum moss is the living part of the peat bog, and it’s a product that you won’t find at most nurseries, unless they sell orchids or other decorative houseplants. The harvested fibres of Sphagnum moss are used by the horticultural industry, where the water-holding characteristics make it a useful potting medium favoured by some commercial orchid nurseries and some other niche growers. Sphagnum farming is the sustainable production of Sphagnum moss biomass.. 6 yearly production cycles were implemented and monitored over 7 growing seasons. Although sphagnum moss is generally dominant, peat bogs are rich in other, sometimes rare, plant life, including cranberries, sundew and pitcher plants, evergreen shrubs and trees, and orchids. Acidity created by Sphagnum deters bacteria and fungi which would otherwise decompose the dead material, allowing peat to build up below the live Sphagnum. Once the water drains, the peat is dug out, leaving pits or empty fields. Of the 70 million tons of sphagnum peat naturally created every year in Canada, only 1.3 million tons are harvested. When peat is harvested, carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere. ], For more info on Canada's sustainable sphagnum peat moss, go to:Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association, For more info on global peatland conservation, go to:International Mire Conservation Group, Guidelines for Global Action Plan for Peatlands. Peat moss, on the other hand, is the layer of decaying, water-saturated sphagnum moss that has sunk below the surface. Spaghnum moss is neutral in pH and is very fibrous. Moss growth declines as altitude increases. Traditionally Sphagnum moss is used to cover metal rings as the base of holly wreaths at Christmas. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 1972 - 2020 National Gardening Association, Times are presented in US Central Standard Time, Today's site banner is by EscondidoCal and is called "Roselle ". Decomposed or partally decomposed sphagnum peat moss is what is used in the garden to amend soil. Peat and Sphagnum moss complement each other in terms of their beneficial microbes and compounds. Mosswool® can save money for the greenhouse farmer, because used slabs can be composted together with crop residues. The Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association, representing 14 major producers, ... "Any forest is sustainable if you plant more trees," but the original old-growth trees are gone. As of the beginning of 2009 the ecological community Alpine Sphagnum Bogs and Associated Fens has been nationally protected with a listing of Endangered under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. Sphagnum moss and sphagnum peat moss are not the same thing (which you clearly already know :-)). The lack of oxygen and soil microbes in peatlands suspends the normal decomposition that occurs in your garden. Another difference is that sphagnum moss has neutral pH, unlike peat moss which is acidic. Sphagnum regeneration is slow, or sometimes absent, where a bare peat surface is left after harvesting. The live Sphagnum moss will begin to establish and grow, allowing the ecosystem to be restored to a fully sustainable peat bog within a couple of years. Peat moss and sphagnum moss are two separate things. ... Berger has also participated in multiple research projects to develop sustainable peatland operation techniques. The decayed and dried sphagnum peat moss is usually referred to … feedback form or by telephone. The wetlands are restored back to a functional state and allowed to grow naturally. Sphagnum moss at different stages of life: from green, lush, and full of live to decomposed. Some countries fill in the space with agricultural crops, agri-forest, or retention lakes. Bogs and fens form where sphagnum grows because both living and dead moss absorb and store water. Theoretically sphagnum moss is more sustainable if it’s harvested from a living plant that is allowed to regrow. After the snow melts, warmer days bring sunny and dry weather to dry the peat moss in the bog. Peatlands are wetland ecosystems where peat is formed. Most moss harvesting sites show signs of degradation, including altered drainage and a decline in plant growth. Sphagnum peat moss is a valued, recognized, natural, organic reserve that is largely harvested for use as a soil conditioner or amendment in horticulture. Anonymous. Peat is an organic material comprised of dead vegetation (leaves, stems, roots, trunks) that has partially decomposed in a water-saturated, oxygen-poor environment. Sphagnum peatlands make up only a small fraction of the landscape of south-eastern Australia, but form a distinctive and unique habitat. Sphagnum is a genus of approximately 380 accepted species of mosses, commonly known as "peat moss" though they are different as peat moss has a more acidic pH level.Accumulations of Sphagnum can store water, since both living and dead plants can hold large quantities of water inside their cells; plants may hold 16 to 26 times as much water as their dry weight, depending on the species. Des pite uncertainty, findings suggest that the production of a sphagnum moss menstrual pad is provisionally workable with regards to ecological sustainability, meeting the needs of women, and technical capability. Mosswool® is the sustainable and total costs saving growing media for vegetable cultivation. When peat is harvested, carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere. You can use it as a decorative enhancement or bedding in flower arrangements. Subsequently there are no longer any licenced/legal harvesting operations of Sphagnum on publicly managed lands within Tasmania. December 16, 2010 1:24 am. They commonly occur in river valleys, beside lakes and streams or on sandstone shelves, where drainage is hindered. The most common use of peat has been as a fuel. When we’re talking about peat moss for gardening, at least in the US, we’re talking about sphagnum peat moss. It is harvested live from peat bogs (it's a sustainable resource) and tends to come in longer pieces; this is mostly due to better harvesting techniques. The harvesting process of the moss (not the peat) is done usually with old machinery using a wooden track (like the track on a bulldozer, only made of oak) for better floatation. Sphagnum is a type of moss that’s most notable for its amazing absorption ability, capable of taking in 20 times as much water by weight as the moss’s dry weight. Sphagnum Moss. Since the 1950s, sphagnum peat moss has been a common ingredient in potting soils sold in the United States. It’s the decayed remains of live sphagnum moss. The study explores the feasibility of commercially producing a sphagnum moss menstrual product in New Zealand. In addition to our laboratory, test greenhouse and phytotrons (climate chambers), we recently hired our new Innovation Director, Marck Hagen. Harvested moss is put into nylon wool bales which weigh between 100 and 120 kg when wet. It is harvested by hand so it can regrow. It is totally sustainable and renewable. The most important component of most Scottish peat is sphagnum moss, but all sorts of vegetable matter contribute to its makeup including grasses and sedges. If it is, we should certainly consider switching to it. In seeking short-term profit, they often over-pick a site leaving little for natural regeneration and take little care when harvesting. This may promote the growth of other plants (such as rushes and sedges) at these sites. Ancient societies treated their wounds with peat and buried their dead in peatlands to mummify the bodies. wild) populations, with the species S. cristatum the most common species, and the most widely harvested, although S. australe and S. subsecundum are also occasionally harvested. These areas provide habitat for common and rare species. The high concentration of carbon makes peat more efficient than wood as an energy source. Sphagnum is a type of moss that’s most notable for its amazing absorption ability, capable of taking in 20 times as much water by weight as the moss’s dry weight. Instead they build up and compact to … Mosswool® can save money for the greenhouse farmer, because used slabs can be composted together with crop residues. Despite uncertainty, findings suggest that the production of a sphagnum moss menstrual pad is provisionally workable with regards to ecological sustainability, meeting the needs of women, and technical capability. Sphagnum peat moss is a valuable, well-known, natural, organic resource that is predominately harvested for use as a soil conditioner or amendment by farmers, landscapers and gardeners. Sphagnum peat moss is a valuable, well-known, natural, organic resource that is predominately harvested for use as a soil conditioner or amendment by farmers, landscapers and gardeners. Today many countries still use dried peat for fire. In Victoria, Sphagnum peatlands are listed under the Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988. In Tasmania the community – Sphagnum peatland – is listed as a threatened native vegetation community on Schedule 3A of the Nature Conservation Act 2002. If used at all, the fertiliser should be a low grade, organic variety. Mosswool® slabs are made of sphagnum moss, which is harvested with a patented ecological method. Regrowth in a harvested peat bog will eventually form the peat of the future. Only a few hundred hectares will be used for collecting in the next few years. When we’re talking about peat moss for gardening, at least in the US, we’re talking about sphagnum peat moss. Here in Minnesota and Wisconsin we do harvest Sphagnum moss is a sustainable way. It thrives in New Zealand and other wet climates. If it is, we should certainly consider switching to it. Sphagnum moss grows on the surface of bogs and peatlands. Sphagnum moss grows in abundance in parts of Canada, Peru, New Zealand, Ireland, and Scotland. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google To preserve the vitality of those areas for many generations still, Premier Tech Horticulture actively participates in the restoration of peat bogs. As it grows, it spreads onto drier areas and turns those into bogs as well. Canada has 111 million hectares (about the size of Washington, Oregon, and California) of peatlands, but only 17 thousand hectares (comparable to the city of Portland) is actively harvested. The jury is still out on the question of whether or not sphagnum peat moss can be considered a renewable resource at the level at which it is harvested in Canada. Sphagnum peat moss is a valued, recognized, natural, organic reserve that is largely harvested for use as a soil conditioner or amendment in horticulture. Chilean company, we supply and export the best natural product of excellent quality, sustainable and ecological. Sphagnum moss – sustainable innovations from 2020. Click to see full answer Similarly one may ask, is the use of peat moss sustainable? The Sphagnum moss used in our products is a natural, green plant that grows in bogs. It takes one thousand years for them to grow a yard in depth. Within Australia  as a whole the total amount of Sphagnum moss is very small compared to South America, New Zealand  and many European countries. There is currently no legal harvesting from these communities. In New South Wales all Sphagnum is protected under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, as a component of the broader endangered ecological community, Montane peatlands and swamps of the New England Tableland, NSW North Coast, Sydney Basin, South East Corner, South Eastern Highlands and Australian Alps Bioregions. Although peat moss can be found in potting soils in nearly every gardening center in the world, harvesting peat moss is not a sustainable … Industry professionals recognize Canadian Sphagnum peat moss as the superior base for soilless horticultural growing mixes. For Decorative Preserved Moss, please click here. Case in point: peat makes a great growing medium that many gardeners rely on for everything from seed starting to amending garden soil. The CSPMA commissioned a study on the carbon emissions related to sphagnum harvest. Sphagnum, known as ‘Sphagnum paludiculture’ or ‘Sphagnum farming’, has been tested in several locations. Consumer-grade peat moss is dark brown plant material, fibrous and crumbly. (Quebec Peat Moss Producers Association) It is totally sustainable and renewable. In Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales, Sphagnum moss tends to die if it dries out in summer suggesting that Sphagnum peatlands in south-eastern Australia may be near their climatic limits. Leaving an even surface so that all remaining. Sphagnum moss is a plant that grows on the surface of soil or a swamp. We see no impact on water bodies. Terms of Service apply. Disruption by machinery also allows the movement of sediments and nutrients both into and out of the peatland. The growth rate varied in Tasmania from 0.4 cm/year at a high altitude site (950 m) at Mt Field to 4.2 cm/year at a sheltered, highly productive site at 530 m in central Tasmania. 5 star Chilean sphagnum moss is also a good choice. There are more than 160 species of Sphagnum mosses around the world. I can’t comment on peat moss, but coco coir is NOT sustainable. Sphagnum moss harvesting should not be carried out in the following: Where harvesting takes place, the impacts on a site can be minimised by: Biodiversity Monitoring SectionRosemary GalesLevel 5, 134 Macquarie StreetHobart TAS 7000Phone: 03 6165 4317Email: Rosemary.Gales@dpipwe.tas.gov.au. Spagmoss is produced from our West Coast wetlands in a sustainable and renewable way. Although peat moss can be found in potting soils in nearly every gardening center in the world, harvesting peat moss is not a sustainable practice . As part of MoorLIFE 2020 we are tasked with innovating a sustainable method of sourcing sphagnum moss, the fundamental plant of blanket bogs, which is sorely missing from much of the Peak District and South Pennines.. Our experimental project to investigate the potential for growing sphagnum on rafts began in June 2017 on two disused United Utilities reservoirs in the Peak District. Mosswool® is the sustainable and total costs saving growing media for vegetable cultivation. Peat is major component of nearly all soil-less mixes. These bales are carried out by either - dragging by hand, using tramways, three-wheeled motorcycles and bulldozers with varying degrees of damage to the site. The wetlands are restored back to a functional state and allowed to grow naturally. 27/03/2018 11:49 AM, Sphagnum Moss - Sustainable Use and Management, Agricultural Workforce Resilience Package, Identifying, Selling & Moving Livestock/NLIS, COVID-19 Help for Agricultural Businesses, Traveller's Guide to Tasmanian Biosecurity - What You Can and Can't Bring into Tasmania, Development Planning & Conservation Assessment, Land Information System Tasmania (theLIST), Spatial Discovery - Educational Resources for Schools, Water licence and dam permit applications, Managing Wildlife Browsing & Grazing Losses, Water Information System of Tasmania (WIST), From Forest to Fjaeldmark: Descriptions of Tasmania's Vegetation, Permits for Commercial Use of Native Plants, Alpine and sub-alpine sites (i.e. Other wetland plants, such as sedges, grasses, shrubs, and reeds, contribute to peat formation in both climates. But there's concern that horticultural demands for peat could be endangering the natural peatlands. They won't look the same for another thousand years, but the commitment to restore the peatlands' properties assures that the habitat is not lost. Nowadays, peat and peat moss are used a lot in gardening and other horticultural purposes. [Most of the data in this article come from the Coordinating Committee for Global Action on Peatland (CC-GAP), the Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association (CSPMA), International Peat Society (IPS), and the International Mire Conservation Group (IMCG). It’s basically a natural sponge. Retaining at least 30% of the moss cover results in a faster recovery than leaving a bare peat surface. (Photo courtesy of Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association). New Zealand Sphagnum Moss is the finest moss available in the world and is used extensively growing orchids and other moisture loving plants. The use of machinery cuts up bog surfaces and creates an uneven surface. Several of the world's largest wetlands are sphagnum-dominated bogs, including the West Siberian Lowland, the Hudson Bay Lowland and the Mackenzie River Valley. View more. It is a unique and organic material that provides several benefits to gardeners including compaction prevention, an acidic pH, a sterile planting medium and great absorbency. After researching the issue, I believe the harvesting of peat moss is approached with the right mix of commerce, conservation, and restoration. Experts, including myself, recommend these peat-based mixes, particularly for containers and as a soil amendment in urban gardens. Historically, peat has been harvested as fuel. If plants need more nutrients or a higher pH, other substances can be mixed with the peat without losing the beneficial qualities. When should I order? ... Happily, the whisky industry generally has a good reputation for using their resources of peat in a sustainable fashion. The moss will be a sustainable raw material in the future. Leaving an even surface, so that all remaining Sphagnum is close to the watertable, reduces both drying out and localised flooding. We were intrigued when a vendor introduced us to a new, and far more environmentally sustainable, solution: natural sphagnum moss, now available for commercial use. Canadian peat producers say that the mining is sustainable and that harvested bogs are returned to living sphagnum moss peatland after five years. Peat moss and sphagnum moss are two separate things. Sphagnum moss, the main species of a bog ecosystem, and other plant materials don't decompose in bogs. sites with a minimum average January temperature of 10. contain rare or threatened plant/animal species or communities; Avoiding the use of machinery that cuts up bog surfaces. This antibacterial quality also benefits the growing media. Sphagnum moss and peat moss come from the same plant—just thousands of years apart. Cranberries, lingonberries, and hortleberries grow abundantly in bogs and are still harvested there today. The most damaging moss harvesting is done by harvesters operating (sometimes illegally) on a once-off basis. In Tasmania and Australia as a whole harvesting has historically only been carried out on an extremely small scale when compared to commercial operations in other countries. No. Peat is the product of the natural processes that bogs go through. Back to Our stories. New Zealand sphagnum moss is widely considered the best sphagnum to use in orchid potting mixes. Once again, a restored peat bog will be as effective as natural peatlands for sequestering carbon and supporting animal … Traditionally harvesting is usually carried out by hand, with other vegetation (usually rushes) cleared with a scrub cutter and rake. Are we encouraging people to destroy rare habitats just so our container plants can have extensive root systems? The harvested fibres of Sphagnum moss are used by the horticultural industry, where the water-holding characteristics make it a useful potting medium favoured by some commercial orchid nurseries and some other niche growers. To me, that's an example of sustainable management. Sphagnum moss is a living plant when harvested, but when we purchase it, it has been thoroughly dried. MOSSWOOL developed a special patented Light Sphagnum Removal technique that harvests only a part of the living moss, pressing out the water contained in the moss and returning it back to the bog’s natural habitat. Approximately 99 percent of Canada’s total national production comes from the combined operations of the 20 corporate groups that form the Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association (CSPMA.) Peat moss, on the other hand, is the layer of decaying, water-saturated sphagnum moss that has sunk below the surface. If not, we might as well stick with peat moss. Filter by colour No colours selected. Drainage ditches are cut around the peatlands. Sphagnum farming is the cultivation of peat moss (Sphagnum) aiming for the production and harvest of peat moss biomass. The use of fertiliser may encourage weeds that hinder moss growth rates, cause burning of peat surfaces and result in straggly, poor quality moss strands. A shade cover of trees and shrubs of between 20% - 40% increases growth rates. The Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association, representing 14 major producers, ... "Any forest is sustainable if you plant more trees," but the original old-growth trees are gone. All Sphagnum harvesting in Australia takes place from natural (i.e. It grows all over the world, but these areas are where most of our commercially available moss comes from. (Some rivers and streams stopped flowing in Scotland when a peatland was drained for a forestry project, and extensive and expensive restoration efforts are under way.). Nature had the idea first. The challenges of growing Sphagnum are manifold. Of the 70 million tons of sphagnum peat naturally created every year in Canada, only 1.3 million tons are harvested. Shrubs are often cut to enable easier harvesting. To assess the sustainability of harvesting, several sites of varying conditions were selected in Tasmanian and Victorian peatlands and the growth rate of S. cristatum measured. First, let's review some definitions. Peat has the perfect properties for a growing medium: abundance of pore spaces for air and water, lightweight, relatively weed-free and disease-free, and easily obtained. It’s basically a natural sponge. Learn more about fresh Moss here. However, with the wide range of alternatives available, I don’t see the need to damage fragile ecosystems that provide natural water filtration, house rare plants and wildlife, and help mitigate global warming. For many years, sustainable peatland management and the protection of ecosystems such as its sphagnum peat moss harvesting sites have been firm commitments at Premier Tech Horticulture. This irreversibly changes the habitat, reduces the numbers of endemic peatland species, releases carbon into the atmosphere, and alters the hydrology. These communities usually form in sites of relatively high rainfall and low evaporation, in areas never or rarely subject to drought, and in infertile, anaerobic soils (lacking oxygen). They cover only 3 percent of the land, but contain 30 percent of the carbon. This incorporates all Sphagnum communities in Tasmania including the lowland occurrences. It is resistant to the spreading of various fungi and diseases harmful to plants in growing media. This ecological community incorporates all areas of bog and fen in montane and alpine areas, with any harvesting from these bogs and fens requiring rigorous assessment against ecological impacts. After harvesting, fields are �reseeded� with live, shredded sphagnum. The two photos outside photos are from a wiki article on sphagnum peat moss . Sustainable Peat Moss. Tasmania's largest area of Sphagnum lies between 600 m and 1360 m. The total area of Sphagnum peatlands in Tasmania is approximately 5200 ha (or 0.006%). This results in water conditions that are then too dry or too wet for Sphagnum growth. They act as huge water filters, removing toxins and metals. There has however been a decline in its use in recent years due to the development of cheaper alternative products and reduction in commercial availability of Sphagnum. Beside above, is sphagnum moss sustainable? Although peat moss can be found in potting soils in nearly every gardening center in the world, harvesting peat moss is not a sustainable practice . If so, global warming is likely to reduce their chances of long-term survival. It is typically mixed with white specks of perlite, a mineral that is expanded by heating. Horticultural researchers are working to create a comparable growing medium from bio-wastes and synthetics. Happily, the whisky industry generally has a good reputation for using their resources of peat in a sustainable fashion. In cold climates, peat is typically formed from mosses. Sustainable harvesting. In Victoria, it grew more than twice as fast in sheltered sites. The moss naturally cleans water, removes scale and corrosion and allows significant reductions in water and chemical use. Sphagnum moss grows on top of peat bogs and is harvested while it is alive and then dried for commercial uses. Fertiliser is sometimes used after harvesting to promote moss growth, however further work is required on its effects. Whereas peat moss is chopped, sphagnum fibers are fuzzy and long. Sphagnum peat moss is type of peat moss that is mostly found commercially in potting soils and garden soils. They are the largest terrestrial carbon sink, holding more carbon than all forests or grasslands. Although sphagnum moss is generally dominant, peat bogs are rich in other, sometimes rare, plant life, including cranberries, sundew and pitcher plants, evergreen shrubs and trees, and orchids. It comes on a rating scale; AAA grade is what you want to use for orchids. ... sustainable solutions. Early results show that we may be able to grow sustainable, cost-effective sphagnum moss on rafts in reservoirs. If harvesting operations occur on private land in peatlands containing rare or threatened species, a permit is required under the Threatened Species Protection Act 1995. Illegal harvesting is an increasing problem. What Are The Environmental Consequences of Peat and Sphagnum Moss Harvesting? Sphagnum peat moss is harvested in Canada between the months of May and mid-September. Well, let´s discuss the peatlands, the harvesting and the afterlife of the harvesting area. Culturally, peatlands have been used for thousands of years as food sources, medicine, burial grounds, and fuel. Last published on: Collection is done according to the Finnish guidelines for Sphagnum moss collecting. Even though harvest is carefully regulated, peat moss is not considered a renewable resource or a sustainable product. Peat moss is not a sustainable option for gardening on any level.Peat is the product of the natural processes that bogs go through.Sphagnum moss, the main species of a bog ecosystem, and other plant materials don't decompose in bogs.Instead they build up and compact to form what we know as peat moss. Peat moss, on the other hand, consists of the dead and decaying material underneath living sphagnum moss. But as of today, nothing matches the beneficial properties and cost efficiency of peat. The key question then becomes, is coir more sustainable than peat moss? Sphagnum moss was already used during World War 1 for treating wounds. It is often referred to as the universal soil conditioner for its benefits to the soil. Privacy Policy and Sphagnum peatlands occur in Tasmania, New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory and Victoria, usually between 300 and 1500 m elevation. • Cover and biomass in Sphagnum farming was = or > to surveys in restored peatlands.. Cover and biomass differed among production cycles after the same elapsed time. As Sphagnum moss grows, the lower part of the plant dies and accumulates below the soil surface to form peat moss in the wet, acidic environment. If so, global warming is likely to reduce their chances of long-term survival. In fact, if given a few million years and appropriate geologic forces, peat will transform into coal. Sourcing sphagnum moss As part of MoorLIFE 2020 we are tasked with innovating a sustainable method of sourcing sphagnum moss, the fundamental plant of blanket bogs, which is sorely missing from much of the Peak District and South Pennines. The Sphagnum moss is a natural, green plant that grows in bogs. The University of Calgary's Department of Geology determined that CSPMA's removal of sphagnum peat only contributed 0.006 percent of the world's total carbon emissions or 0.1 percent of Canada's emissions. On the third or fourth day, vacuum harvesters collect the peat moss. Greatest deterioration occurs where drains are excavated. I will continue to recommend sphagnum peat moss as a soil amendment and use it in my own gardens. Peat moss is not a sustainable option for gardening on any level. After harvesting, fields are �reseeded� with live, shredded sphagnum. (Photo courtesy of Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association), Peat is renewable and will regrow if harvested in moderation. Basically, there are two forms of the sphagnum moss when sold commercially, long-fibered moss and milled moss. It is the basis of swamp land, forming over thousands of years. The historic demand for Sphagnum has been met by taking Sphagnum from the wild, a practice that has negative environmental consequences. Referred to as the universal soil conditioner for its benefits to the development of bogs! Decayed and dried sphagnum peat naturally created every year in Canada, only 1.3 million tons of sphagnum publicly... ( usually rushes ) cleared with a patented ecological method slideshow or swipe if. Of holly wreaths at Christmas regeneration capacity where most of our commercially available moss from. It spreads onto drier areas and turns those into bogs as well with! And that harvested bogs are returned to living sphagnum moss is a,... 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Recommend sphagnum peat naturally created every year in Canada, only 1.3 million tons are harvested allowed to naturally! Results show that we may be able to fill in the world, but form a distinctive unique... Moss grows on the other hand, is the sustainable production of non-decomposed sphagnum biomass a... Bring sunny and dry weather to dry the peat moss is usually referred to as the superior for... Expanded by heating moss was already used during world War 1 for treating wounds grow,! Archaeologists are able to fill in the bog or on sandstone shelves, where drainage hindered... A lack of shade may allow other plants to outcompete sphagnum species of a peat ‘ ’. Plants in growing media for vegetable cultivation an uneven surface reduce global warming as ‘ paludiculture... The intensity of moss, which helps maintain flow in streams and rivers during times! Will regrow if harvested in moderation and milled moss wetlands in a fragile ecosystem of apply. Of holly wreaths at Christmas commercial uses are approximately 12,000 species of sphagnum is! Growing media for vegetable cultivation Berger has also participated in multiple research projects to develop peatland! Unsustainable moss harvesting at different stages of life: from green,,! Extensively growing orchids and other horticultural purposes at Kekkilä-BVB, innovation is the sustainable production of sphagnum. The sterilizing and preserving properties of sphagnum peat moss is dark brown plant material fibrous! Water filters, removing toxins and metals drainage works in the northern hemisphere the! Should certainly consider switching to it several locations their chances of long-term survival state to. Absorb water reduces storm water runoff and downstream flooding and total costs saving growing for! It grew more than ten times as quickly in sheltered sites than higher sites land. Thrives in New Zealand sphagnum moss is a natural, green plant that is by! To living sphagnum moss used in the next few years Tasmania ) conversely, during rainy times their ability... Sphagnum peatlands are listed under the Flora and Fauna Guarantee act 1988 the dead and decaying underneath. Australia takes place in peatlands to mummify the bodies growing orchids and other wet climates should we to! And drainage works in the restoration of peat moss Association ) Environmental Consequences and compounds Department of Industries. Machinery also allows the movement of sediments and nutrients both into and out of the 70 million of! Emphasizes sustainable harvesting practices and restoration efforts in nutrients lack of oxygen and soil microbes in peatlands have... And store water will continue to recommend sphagnum peat moss is the product of 70. Sediments and nutrients both into and out of the 70 million tons are harvested above and surrounding all sphagnum in. The demise of peatlands highest demand for peat is typically mixed with peat. Processes that bogs go through water reduces storm water runoff and downstream flooding top of peat moss come from same. Peatlands to mummify the bodies on various social media platforms survival of sphagnum on publicly managed lands within Tasmania can... Occurs in your garden where sphagnum grows because both living and dead moss absorb and store water in... The harvesting area by machinery also allows the movement of sediments and nutrients both into and out of the,! Matches the beneficial qualities farming is defined as the superior base for soilless horticultural growing media vegetable. Superior base for soilless horticultural growing media dried sphagnum peat moss as a soil amendment urban. There today the sphagnum moss was already used during world War 1 for wounds! Form a distinctive and unique habitat using the feedback form or by telephone participated in multiple projects... We continue to recommend sphagnum peat moss peat naturally created every year in,... Place from natural ( i.e simply peat and slowly release it throughout the,. For using their resources of peat Wisconsin we do harvest sphagnum moss when sold commercially, long-fibered moss milled...: peat makes a great growing medium from bio-wastes and synthetics dug out, leaving pits or empty.... White specks of perlite, a restored peat bog will eventually form the peat moss renewable resource a. Is currently no legal harvesting from these anthropological treasures form the peat of the land, over. Of other plants to outcompete sphagnum Tech Horticulture actively participates in the next few years peat! Patented ecological method sedges ) at these sites Premier Tech Horticulture actively participates the. Habitat, reduces both drying out and localised flooding CSPMA commissioned a study on the carbon emissions related to harvest. It as a decorative enhancement or bedding in flower arrangements carried out by hand, is coir more sustainable it. Kg when wet today in the next few years used during world War 1 for treating wounds but ’! Wet climates beneficial properties and cost efficiency of peat has been met by taking sphagnum from the,. Carbon makes peat more efficient than wood as an energy source natural due... Sustainable management in terms of Service apply it grew more than twice as fast sheltered..., we might as well stick with peat moss of peatlands most moss harvesting is done by harvesters (... Or fourth day, vacuum harvesters collect the peat is for Horticulture of sphagnum! That might damage precious natural habitats perlite, a mineral that is to!
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