What Are the Disadvantages of a Flat Organizational Structure? Therefore, employees are skilled in tasks pertaining to their departments alone. Staff department managers have a more limited role in leading their teams to optimal performance. 2. The viewpoints of both line and staff of this conflict are given below: A. 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 4. Responsibility is fixed.In this form of organization responsibilities are fixed and defined. 3. Lack of Specialization. Directness: Since the authority flows directly from the immediate superior, each employee knows to whom he is responsible.3. Below are some merits and advantages of line organization or vertical organization 1. It is difficult to establish and is costly too. Divisional structure offers many advantages over functioned structure especially in terms of autonomy for efficient management, management development, increasing organizational size up to any limit, and taking into account of specific problems related with each product or territory contributing to the overall objectives of the firm. A line-and-staff organizational structure features multiple layers of managers, assistant managers and supervisors, all of whom report to a single managing director. Relief to Line Executives: The Staff officers look after the detailed analysis of each important managerial activity which is a big relief to the line officers. Since the employees are grouped by their knowledge and skills, competition may arise between them. Jean Jacques Rousseau Biography, Books and Philosophy, What are the Qualities of A Good Observer, What is Legislation Definition and Overview of …, Sources of Law, Customs, Religion, Equity, Legislation …. Under the line type of organisation, one person is in charge of all the activities relating to a department or section but there is a difficulty of getting men with sufficient capacity and training who can … If unfortunately it is not there the attainment of objectives may not be smooth. 5. 4. Every person is crystal clear to whom he is answerable and who are accountable to him. Expert Advice: The staff officers provide expert advice and guidance to line officers and by this, the enterprise as a whole gets benefit. Due to confusion and lack of proper communication, there is a chance of misinterpretation. The advice of staff should be realistic and practicable. This is the oldest form of organization. Advantages and Disadvantages of Functional Organizational Structure. 1. concept "Matrix-Organisation" exists. 3. Expensive: This type requires the appointment of a large number of experts involving heavy expenditure. line authority, line and staff authority, centralized or decentralized authority, formal or informal authority maximize profits Each management structure has its own advantages and disadvantages. 2. Simplicity: This system is very simple and can operate very easily. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. 6. Every person in the organization is in the direct chain of command. Salary-related expenses are reduced, enabling the company to save money as well as provide better pay for its workers.2. Give examples of line organization, line and staff organization and matrix organization. This means that there are less wages, fringe benefits, and so on, to pay for management. 3. One of the key advantages is that this structure provides line personnel with expertise from staff groups. When we draw the line it is always straight the only point is it can be either be drawn vertically or horizontally and in the case of the company which follows the line organization structure it refers to that process in which the authority flows from top to down in a vertical manner and not in a horizontal manner. Specialization: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. 4. This type of structure is called a functional organizational structure or line and functional organization. The limits of authority of both line and staff should be prescribed clearly. Line and Staff Organization. Lack of coordination is another glaring defect of line and staff organization structure. In type of organization is flexible in character. 3. Matrix organization for a small and large business: An outline, advantages, disadvantages, conclusion. Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. Today complex business and industrial organizations need specialization. Single authority, unified control and fixed responsibility to help in quick decision. 1. Even the workers at the lower level can understand the structure of this organization.2. In the line and staff type of organization, the staff specialist does not have the authority to enforce his recommendations. 1. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line authority. Every person is crystal clear to whom he is answerable and who are accountable to him. Line organization is also known as vertical organization or departmental organization. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers.A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority.. (ii) Line officers reject the advice without giving reasons. Opportunities for Advancement. 4. 3. If you want to learn more about organizational structure types in Project Management you should check out our 100% Online and Self-Paced Project Management Professional Certification Training . A line organisation has only direct, vertical relationships between different levels in the firm. The Staff Viewpoint. Unifie… As with any kind of organizational structure, there are benefits and setbacks to the line and staff model. (iv) Advice given by the staff is not always sound. 5. The quantum of authority is highest at the top and reduces at each successive level down the hierarchy. (iii) Line officers are slow to accept new ideas and they resist change. A line manager is responsible of achieving the main objectives of the organization by executing main functions such as policy making, target setting and decision making. In this form of organization responsibilities are fixed and defined. This obviously flows from fixed responsibility because of which the executive is sole master in his own sphere of activity. 2. 3. Good control, direction and direction is possible in line organization because of fixed responsibility. We are focused on line and staff style of organizations because they are closely knitted. Lack of teamwork and reduced flexibility may cause conflicts between departments and units. Unified Control. For improving the relationships between the two and to resolve their conflict, the following steps may be taken: 1. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. Persons with specialized knowledge are appointed to help line officers. ADVANTAGES OF LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE 2. WHO IS A LINE MANAGER? 2. Conflict between Line and Staff: One more important disadvantage is the conflict between the line and staff officers. 1. Each of these has their own advantages and drawbacks. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. A primary trait of a line-and-staff structure is that the roles of line leaders is more expansive than the roles of staff department leaders. There is … Advantages of Line And Staff Structure Organization | Management 1. 1. Lower level personnel favorably react to simple the multiple authority. Advice is only theoretical and unrealistic. The Line Viewpoint. Under this, the line of authority flows vertically downward from top to bottom throughout the organization. Following are some demerits and disadvantages of line organization or vertical organization. Simplicity. In this type, a greater variety of responsible jobs are available and this provides more opportunities for advancement of capable workers. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. Staff authorities have the following complaints against line officers: (i) Line officers do not make proper use of advice given by staff. 3. Bad decisions can be made under the guise of expertise. There are only line… 6. The Advantages of the Line & Staff Organizational Structure. It is physically not possible for him to learn and acquire the skills of the jobs he looks into and at the same time be able to do justice to each job. Demerits of line and staff organization 1. One of the disadvantages of the line organization is that the line executives lack specialization. Because the flat organizational structure is essentially a “bottom up” type of hierarchy, there is tremendous reliance on the expertise of the front-line staff. Quick Decision. Thus, this system may encourage carelessness on the part of the staff officer. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. Sound Decisions: In this type, the decisions are made by experts and hence, there is a possibility of making sound managerial decisions. He cannot claim to be an expert in all types of jobs he handles. Line leaders develop strategic plans and make decisions that drive revenue and impact the bottom line. Cooperation and communication between departments and units may be poor. (v) Staff take credit if the programme (as per the advice of the staff) is successful and blame the line if it is not successful. Academic library - free online college e textbooks - info{at}ebrary.net - © 2014 - 2020. Staff authority should be restricted to a purely advisory role. Disadvantages . Responsibility is fixed. It is the simplest form of organisation structure and is also known as scalar or military organisation. Start studying CHAPTER 2 Section One - (Organizational Structure) CAIB 4. Thus, this syste… They should state reasons in case they cannot accept the advice. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. This is because each department manager is concerned only with the activities of his own department. 5. In this type of organization shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed. Matrix Structure. Advantage And Disadvantage Of Line Staff Structure. The matrix structure is a type of organizational structure in which individuals are … 2. The line organisation represents the structure in a direct vertical relationship through which authority flows. It is the simplest form of organization and very simple to understand and implement. When staff Specialists are incorporated into the organization and are placed upon the same (line) Authoritative level as the line executives. The line managers have the following to say about the staff people: (i) Staff authority undermines line authority and interferes in the work of line managers. Today we will learn a little more about the functional organizational structure. It is the simplest form of organization and very simple to understand and implement. In this type of organization shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. Below are some merits and advantages of line organization or vertical organization. This organization is based on scalar basis. 2. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. (ii) Staff authorities are not acquainted with the practical problems of the enterprise as they are only academics. Hence, it is quite expensive and small and medium-sized concerns cannot afford it. 1. There are majorly five main types of formal organizational structures – line, functional, line and staff, project management and matrix. (iv) Staff authorities feel that they do not have authority to get their ideas implemented. Employees may get bored because they do the same repetitive type of work all the time. In this article, we are going to review the advantages and disadvantages of each organizational structure: Functional, Projectized, and Matrix. By this method, specialisation is attained. B. Line officers should give due consideration to staff advice. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. Both line and staff should try to understand each other's responsibilities and difficulties and try to co-operate with each other for the achievement of enterprise objectives. Line and staff organization has greater flexibility, in the sense that new specialized activities can be added to the line activities without disturbing the line procedure. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. Disadvantages of a Line Organization A line organization can suffer from a lack of specialization. The following diagram shows line and staff organisation: Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation: This organisation has the following advantages: 1. Line and staff organization is a costly organiza­tion as the line executives are supported by highly paid staff executives who are experts. Flexibility. Simplicity. It Is Cost Efficient As mentioned, in this organizational structure, there are fewer (or no) manager layers between the executive and the staff. In line organisat… They pointed out that “the degree of authority exists in all organization as on uninterrupted scale or series. It Promotes Faster Decision Making Another advantage about a flat organiza… The executive is overloaded at each level of organization. J.D Mooney and A.C Reiley introduced the idea of line organization. In line and staff organization, the hierarchy remains same as in the line organization, but specialists are attached to the front line managers to advise and guide them on significant issues. 2. Functional Organisational Structure – With Advantages and Disadvantages . The basic of scalar organization is that in any organization there must be a series of superior and subordinates relationship from top organization to the very downward structure of organization. Line organization assumes that direct authority is exercised by a superior over his subordinates. (iii) As staff officers are specialists only in a specific area, they cannot see the whole picture objectively. Organizational structure is a formal outline of reporting relationships and information flows within a company. 2. The following are some disadvantages of the functional organization structure: 1. 5. 4. Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. Different types of jobs are looked after, supervised and control by executive. Over loading. 3. The line organization has the following advantages:1. There are several things he must manage independently. It explains the tasks of every worker in an organization. Additionally, a line manager cannot be a specialist in all areas. The flow of this authority is always downwards. 2. As a result, the key decision makers in the organization are well … Organizational structure: types of organizational structures (line organizations, line-and-Stuff organizations, committee and matrix organization). Also Read: Advantages Of Line And Staff Organization If an organization gets larger, it will be difficult t… Advantages and disadvantages of line and staff style of organizations Omolaja Muhammad 7 Abstract In the paper we discussed the fact that the dichotomous concepts of modern organizations exist in reality. All this adds to the overhead expenses and the … Line should value the special skills of staff and similarly the staff should try to appreciate the difficulties in implementing new ideas. This is capable of adjusting itself quickly to changing circumstances. 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